French Decree of 30 August 1777, on the duration of privileges, Paris (1777)

Source: Bibliothèque nationale de France : Mss. Fr. 22073 n° 146

Citation:
French Decree of 30 August 1777, on the duration of privileges, Paris (1777), Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900), eds L. Bently & M. Kretschmer, www.copyrighthistory.org

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Record-ID: f_1777a

Permanent link: http://www.copyrighthistory.org/record/f_1777a

Full title:
Decree of the King's Council of State, containing regulations on the duration of book trade privileges. 30 August 1777.

Full title original language:
Arrest du Conseil d'Etat du Roi, Portant Règlement sur la durée des Priviléges en Librairie. Du 30 août 1777.

Abstract:
Like the 1774 Donaldson v. Beckett case in Great Britain, the French royal provisions of 30 August 1777, regarding the duration of exclusive privileges, constitute a fundamental date in the history of literary property. In this last important set of regulations of the book trade under the Ancien Régime, the Crown did indeed seem to be granting authors an absolute property right emanating from the fact of creation (something that the Parisian booksellers and their lawyers had been asserting from the 1720s onwards). At same time, however, the ruling of the King's Council restricted the exercise of this property right when the privilege was transferred (normally to a bookseller). For this reason, the logic of this new legislation was highly criticized. Nevertheless, one major impact of this decree on the evolving book trade in France was the limitation of literary monopolies, much as in England at around the same time.

1 Commentary:
commentary_f_1777a

Bibliography:
N/A

Related documents in this database:
1777: Linguet's memorandum
1778: Pluquet's letters
1778: Decree on counterfeitings
1779: Séguier's report
1780: Venetian Reprint of the French Decree of 30 August 1777, on the duration of privileges

Author: N/A

Publisher: Augustin-Martin Lottin (1726-1793)

Year: 1777

Location: Paris

Language: French

Source: Bibliothèque nationale de France : Mss. Fr. 22073 n° 146

Persons referred to:
Amelot de Chaillou, Antoine-Jean
Le Camus de Neville, François Claude Michel Benoît
Lottin, Augustin-Martin
Louis XVI

Places referred to:
Paris
Versailles

Cases referred to:
N/A

Institutions referred to:
Chambre syndicale des libraires et imprimeurs (Paris)
King's Council of State (France)
Parisian Guild of Booksellers and Printers

Legislation:
Decree of the King's Council on the duration of privileges (1777)

Keywords:
authors' remuneration
duration
duration, prolongation of privileges
formalities
inheritability
licensing, Approbation
licensing, Imprimatur
monopoly
patronage
perpetual protection
price regulation
privileges
privileges, printing
registration

Responsible editor: Frédéric Rideau


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