Minutes of the 1825-1826 Commission, Paris (1826)

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Citation:
Minutes of the 1825-1826 Commission, Paris (1826), Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900), eds L. Bently & M. Kretschmer, www.copyrighthistory.org

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Record-ID: f_1826

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Full title:
Literary Property Commission - Collection des Procès-Verbaux

Full title original language:
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Abstract:
Given the revolutionary atmosphere of the time, the law of 19-24 July 1793 and its seven articles understandably awakened but few debates on the nature of literary property, the duration of the right of exploitation, the reasons for its having to be limited, and, most importantly, on its object - that is, the definition of what constituted a literary or artistic work. It was under the Bourbon Restoration that a commission, set up in the final months of 1825 under the presidency of the Viscount Sosthène de La Rochefoucauld and made up of several eminent jurists and statesmen, would be assigned the task of preparing the draft for a law 'in the interest of literature and the arts'. As the country's judges had been somewhat uncertain in applying the 1793 Act, the proceedings of the Commission (which met until May 1826) were a welcome opportunity, soon followed by many others, to review in detail the basic principles of literary and artistic property. In practice - and the various reflections on 'the nature of literary property' illustrate this well - the report and draft law ensuing from these investigations were once again dominated by the question of the duration of the copyright term. A p.m.a. term of 50 years was in fact proposed, to the detriment of such equally important questions as defining the object of the right enshrined by the 1793 Act.

Commentary: No commentaries for this record.

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Related documents in this database:
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Author: N/A

Publisher: Pillet

Year: 1826

Location: Paris

Language: French

Source: N/A

Persons referred to:
Andrieux, François Guillaume Jean Stanislaw
Auger, Louis-Simon
Champein, Stanislas
Charles X
Corneille, Pierre
Crébillon, Prosper Jolyot de
Cuvier, Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert, baron
Dacier, Bon-Joseph
Desprez
Duval, Alexandre-Vincent Pineux
Francis I
La Fontaine, Jean de
La Harpe, Jean François de
La Rochefoucauld, Sosthène de
Lainé, Joseph Henri Joachim
Lakanal, Joseph
Lally-Tollendal, Gérard de
Lemercier, Népomucène
Louis XIII
Louis XIV
Louis XV
Louis XVIII
Mareschal, Jules
Michaud, Joseph François
Molière
Pardessus, Jean-Marie
Picard, Louis-Benoît
Raynouard, François Juste Marie
Séguier, Antoine-Louis
Taylor, Isidore Justin Séverin, baron
Vatimesnil, Antoine-François-Henri Lefebvre de
Villemain, Abel-François
Étienne, Charles-Guillaume

Places referred to:
Paris

Cases referred to:
Affaire des Demoiselles de La Fontaine (1761)
Crébillon's case (1749)

Institutions referred to:
Academy of Sciences (Paris)
Académie française
Chamber of Deputies, Paris
Chambre syndicale des libraires et imprimeurs (Paris)
Comédie-Française
French Chamber of Peers
National Assembly (1789-1791)
Parisian Guild of Booksellers and Printers
Parlement of Paris
Royal Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres (Paris)
Royal Academy of Music (Paris)
Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture (Paris)

Legislation:
Code de la Librairie 1723
Decree of the King's Council on the duration of privileges (1777)
Edict of Moulins (1566), obliging royal privileges for all first editions
French Copyright Act 1793
French Imperial decree on the book trade 1810
Parisian Book Trade Regulations 1618
Parisian Book Trade Regulations 1686
Royal Letters Patent of 1488
Royal Letters Patent of 1586

Keywords:
French Revolution
Napoleonic Wars
author/publisher relations
authors' remuneration
authorship, romantic theory of
books, protected subject matter
censorship
contract
contracts, regulation of
counterfeit
divine law
dramatic works, protected subject matter
duration
duration, post mortem term
editions, new
engravings, protected subject matter
idea/expression
imitation
incentives
industrial revolution
inheritability
interest groups
manuscript
monopoly
music, protected subject matter
natural rights
paintings, protected subject matter
patronage
perpetual protection
personality theory
price regulation
printing, history of
privileges
property analogies
property theory
property theory, authors' property
property theory, publishers' property
public domain
public performance
registration
reputation
royalty/royalties
scribal publication
transferability
utility

Responsible editor: Frédéric Rideau


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Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900), Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge, 10 West Road, Cambridge CB3 9DZ, UK